States of Decline

states_of_declineThe year 2015 witnessed unprecedented economic downturn in Nigeria. With the price of crude oil in the international market dropping steeply, the Nigerian economy shrank and the government considered activating austerity measures.

At the subnational level, the situation seemed worse. The failure of states over the years to save during periods of boom and their incapacity to create alternative and independent avenues for generating revenue, became evident in the year. All the states covered in this report had caused to approach the Federal Government for bailout funds to pay civil servants. The ability of the states to implement capital projects suffered significantly. Despite the daunting reality of economic decline, some of the states still fail to put measures in place to ensure transparency, accountability and prudence in the use of resources.

This report is a product of yearlong budget advocacy activities by members of the Niger Delta Citizens and Budget Platform. It presents analyses of the 2015 budget of 5 States -Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Delta, Edo and Rivers- detailing the expenditure preferences of each and their revenue generation policies.

Budget Monitoring

monitoring_reportThis report contains findings of budget monitors who were on the field for a period of one week examining projects allocated funds in the 2015 budget of Rivers state. The budget monitoring team consisted of a community volunteer and three others; as well as a member of staff of Social Action.
Monitoring was carried out on randomly selected projects from the sectors of education, health and food sufficiency. Interviews were routinely conducted with anticipated beneficiaries of budget lines including community members and staff of schools and health centres. Where possible, officials of the ministries responsible for these projects were contacted for additional information.
Social Action’s budget advocacy activities are aimed at calling attention to the need for citizens to get actively involved in the processes of fiscal governance. Evidence indicates that where this is the case, the performance of governments have significantly improved. 

Campaign Votes: Citizens Report on State and Local Government Budgets in the Niger Delta

campaign_votes_2014This report is a product of yearlong budget advocacy activities by members of the Niger Delta Citizens and Budget Platform. It begins with a background section which addresses a range of issues which impacted Nigeria’s economy in 2014, with greater emphasis on happenings in the Niger Delta. In writing the background section, careful study has been made of major events and trends that shaped Nigeria in 2014.
The section on State government budgets in the Niger Delta is a study of the fiscal processes bordering on the income and expenditure trends of Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Delta, Edo and Rivers states. The report is based on data relevant to the 2013 fiscal year, but provides evidence and data from as far back as 2007 to show trends and allow comparisons.

Pardoning Impunity: Citizens Report on State and Local Government Budgets in the Niger Delta

pardoning_impunity2013 witnessed economic downturns and political upheavals for Nigeria. From declining crude oil revenues, to being ranked the worst place for a child to be born; Nigeria fared badly on major global indices. Neither did the welfare of Nigerians improve in 2013. With life expectancy placed at 52 years and 68% of the population existing on less than $1.25 a day, Nigeria ranked behind African countries like Angola, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Liberia, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Tanzania.

Pardoning Impunity is a product of yearlong field evaluation of performance, budget reviews and interviews with local residents and relevant government officials in 4 of the richest states of the Niger Delta- Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa Delta, Edo and Rivers states. The study analyzes the relation between the 2013 budgets of the states and their policy commitments. It appraises randomly selected projects in the key sectors of Education, Health and Food Sufficiency. The findings are insightful and reveal why development still eludes the majority of Nigerians. 

Wasted Billions: Citizens Report on State and Local Government Budgets in the Niger Delta

wasted_billions_20122012 was a rehearse of routines that have defined Nigeria’s oil wealth for decades: huge crude earnings averaging $86 billion according to the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), dismal response to the nation’s needs through poor budgetary allocations and the lining of a few pockets with public funds.

This study spotlights the performance of five Niger Delta states of Akwa IbomBayelsaDeltaEdo and Rivers in the management of revenues and expenditures in the year 2012. The study is based on months of field evaluation of performance, budget reviews and interviews with local residents and relevant officials. Besides analyzing the budget parameters across the five states, the study appraised the implementation of randomly selected projects as related to three key sectors of Education, Health and Food Sufficiency (including Agriculture). The goal, amongst other things, is to enhance understanding of how and why the earnings by states in this strategic region contributed to or detracted from the goal of sustainable development. 

Counting the Votes: Citizens Report on State and Local Government Budgets in the Niger Delta

counting_the_votesCounting the Votes: Citizens Report on State and Local Government Budgets in the Niger Delta,  2011’ is the fourth  in a series of budget advocacy reports by the Niger Delta Citizens and Budget Platform (NDCBP). The volume presents analysis of the 2011 budgets of the governments of Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Delta, Edo and Rivers States, as well as independent assessment of budget implementation during the year. In the analyses, the income and expenditure preferences of these state governments were examined against their income generation, policy priorities, compliance with fiscal discipline and transparency mechanisms as well as their overall responses to development challenges.  In both the budget analysis and monitoring processes, special emphasis was placed on the education and health sectors. The level of transparency in the budget process, which could be assessed in part by the level of access which citizens have with respect to budget documents, and the opportunities for public participation in the budget making and implementation processes, also informs the conclusions herein presented. 

Spend and Borrow: Citizens Report on State and Local Government Budgets in the Niger Delta

spend_and_borrowSpend and Borrow contains findings of Budget Analyses and Monitoring activities by the Niger Delta Citizens and Budget Platform in Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Delta and Rivers States, conducted in 2010. In analyzing the budgets, the focus has been on examining how expenditure preferences relate to global targets of development as well as the policy statements of the administrations, especially in the areas of education and health. Monitoring activities were carried out on randomly selected projects in the areas of education and health. 

Beyond Amnesty: Citizens Report on State and Local Government Budgets in the Niger Delta

beyond_amnestyA new report by the Niger Delta Citizens and Budget Platform (NDCBP) contains findings of analyses and monitoring of the implementation of the annual budgets of the governments of Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Delta and Rivers State in 2009. The report examines the sustainability of the budgeting process and the level of prioritisation of the health and education sectors by state and local government administrations. Appropriated projects were randomly selected for monitoring.

“Carry Go”: Citizens Report on State and Local Governments in the Niger Delta

carry_goThis independent report by the Niger Delta Citizens and Budget Platform (NDCBP) is based on summaries of analysis and monitoring reports of the 2008 state and local government budgets in Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Delta and Rivers State. The report documents, from the perspective of citizens, how state and local government budgets have been formulated and implemented. It identifies the causes, processes and outcomes of the corruption and mismanagement of public funds in the states and local government areas of the Niger Delta.